While the Caspian Sea is not fresh water, its salty water is diluted by the inflow of fresh water, especially in the north.
Caspian seals are the only mammal found in the Caspian Sea, and they are near the top of the food chain. Concern over the threats of the sea's environmental health lead to the establishment of the Caspian Environment Programme (CEP) in 1999. There are no islands in the deeper regions while Ogurja Ada being the biggest island - it is 37 km long and gazelles roam freely on it.

Caspian Seal Project. The Caspian Sea, which lies between Europe and Asia, has been slowly evaporating over the past two decades due to rising temperatures associated with climate change, a new study shows..

Caspian Sea Information and Facts. The Caspian Sea is, by standard definition, the largest lake on Earth. It lies to the east of the Caucasus Mountains and to the west of the vast steppe of Central Asia . The Caspian Seal (Phoca caspica) is the smallest earless seal and lives exclusively in and around the Caspian Sea.

The Caspian seal is endemic to the Caspian Sea and its population has decreased by more than 90% since the start of the 20th Century. According to an analysis led by researchers from the University of Texas at Austin, the Caspian Sea is dropping almost 7 centimetres (2.8 inches) in its water level each year, and has been ever since 1996. Blue-green algae (cyanobacteria) and diatoms constitute the greatest biomass concentrations, and there are several species of red and brown algae. The Caspian Sea is the largest enclosed inland body of water on Earth by area, variously classed as the world’s largest lake or a full-fledged sea..

The “lanugo” helps keep pups warm until they develop blubber. They eat many different types of fish and crustaceans. Caspian Seals then migrate back to the southern part of the Caspian Sea. In 2018, Caspian Sea countries signed an agreement defining the status of the sea, which had lacked an international legal framework since the collapse of the Soviet Union. For example, the Caspian seal is the only mammal of the Caspian Sea, and this subspecies is not found anywhere else in the world.--Follow us on Twitter @AzerNewsAz It is bordered on the northeast by Kazakhstan, on the southeast by Turkmenistan, on the south by Iran, on the southwest by Azerbaijan, and on the northwest by Russia. According to an analysis led by researchers from the University of Texas at Austin, the Caspian Sea is dropping almost 7 centimetres (2.8 inches) in its water level each year, and has been ever since 1996.
The sea is home to 755 species and subspecies of plants, and also inhabits about 920 species of animals, and among them there are many that you will not find anywhere else in the world.

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