It is classified as a nerve agent because it fatally interferes with normal functioning of the mammalian nervous system. Download : Download high-res image (69KB) Download : Download full-size image; Figure 2. Phosgene is a major industrial chemical used to make plastics and pesticides. Tear gas, formally known as a lachrymator agent or lachrymator (from the Latin lacrima, meaning "tear"), sometimes colloquially known as mace, is a chemical weapon that causes severe eye and respiratory pain, skin irritation, bleeding, and blindness. With cooling and pressure, phosgene gas can be converted into a liquid so that it can be shipped and stored.
chloromethyl chloroformate. Cyanogen chloride (CK) is a chemical warfare agent (military designation CK). both sides, asphyxiant, fatal in concentration, first used in 1915, cylinder release only. Remembered Today: Sign in to follow this . In fact, you can find cyanide in nitriles used as pharmaceuticals, such as citalopram (Celexa) and cimetidine (Tagamet). In Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry. 2017 Kim Jong Un's half brother Kim Jong Nam was fatally poisoned by VX. Cyanide is released from natural substances in some foods and in certain plants such as cassava, lima beans and almonds. For example, carbon treated with a combination of chromium and copper, known as "Whetlerite carbon," has been used since the 1940s to screen out hydrogen cyanide, cyanogen chloride, and formaldehyde. Airborne release of cyanide gas, in the form of hydrogen cyanide or cyanogen chloride, would be expected to be lethal to 50% of those exposed (LCt50) at levels of 2,500-5,000 mg•min/m^3 and 11,000 mg•min/m^3, respectively. Cyanogen chloride, cyanogen bromide, and hydrogen cyanide are important cyanide-containing compounds of potential used as CWAs. CYANOGEN CHLORIDE may trimerize violently to form cyanuric chloride, catalyzed by hydrogen chloride or ammonium chloride. Cyanogen chloride is a deadly gas which was historically used in chemical warfare in the First World War. Remembered Today: Sign in to follow this .

Its production is strictly controlled and stockpiling outlawed by the Chemical Weapons Convention of 1993. . In modern warfare, chemical weapons were first used in World War I (1914–18). Liquid forms of cyanide will burn skin and eyes . Where cyanide is found and how it is used . LD50s for hydrogen cyanide have been estimated to be 1.1 mg/kg for IV administration and 100 mg/kg after skin exposure. Water: Cyanogen chloride (CK) can be used to contaminate water. Oct.: cyanogen chloride [cyanide-like, less toxic] (shells, hand grenades) Spring: Phenylcarbylamine chloride (green cross—shells) July: diphenylarsine chloride (blue cross arsenical—shells) July: Bis(2-chloroethyl) sulfide (yellow cross/mustard gas—shells) Oct.: phosgene (projected drums at … Sodium cyanide (NaCN), potassium cyanide (KCN), hydrogen cyanide (HCN), and cyanogen chloride (CNCl) are lethal, but thousands of compounds called nitriles contain the cyanide group yet aren't as toxic.

When ingested as sodium or potassium cyanide, the … A solution of hydrogen cyanide in water is called hydrocyanic acid, or prussic acid. chloromethyl chloroformate. ... carbonyl chloride (phosgene) both sides, asphyxiant, fatal with delayed action, first used 1915. chlorine . List of Gases Used in the 1st WW, the Technical Names. Nitriles. It is a clear, colorless, and tasteless liquid with a faint fruity odor. When liquid phosgene is released, it quickly turns into a gas that stays close to the ground and spreads rapidly. Cyanides are also called "blood agents," an antiquated term still used by many in the military.
“Chemical Warfare Agents – Toxicology & Treatment” – T C Marrs et al “Chemical Warfare & Medical Response During World War 1” – G J Fitzgerald; Germany’s Use of Chemical Warfare in World War 1 – FirstWorldWar.com

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